Regasification plants play a key role in securing and diversifying energy supply. They can receive natural gas from any country in the world and provide flexibility by increasing or decreasing gas production as needed to meet demand at any given time.
LNG is transported in methane tankers at 160ºC below zero in liquid state and is unloaded at regasification plants. Through a physical process, using seawater vaporisers, the temperature of the gas is increased to convert it to gaseous state so that it can be injected into and transported through the national pipeline network.
Trucks and tankers are also loaded with liquefied natural gas at the regasification plants for re-export or use as marine fuel.
Enagás is one of the world’s largest operators of regasification terminals. In Spain, the company has four LNG terminals located in Barcelona, Cartagena (Murcia), Huelva and Gijón. It also has a stake in two other plants: 50% of the Bahía Bizkaia Gas (BBG) plant in Bilbao and 72.5% of the Saggas terminal in Sagunto (Valencia).
All Enagás LNG terminals have been carbon neutral since 2017 and a benchmark in terms of environmental management and biodiversity protection thanks to its commitment to the development of cutting-edge innovation and energy efficiency projects.
The world’s largest and most modern methane tankers can dock at all of them since they have the technology for unloading and reloading them, thus strengthening the supply structure of the Iberian Peninsula and further increasing the diversification of sources.
All Enagás’ regasification terminals are currently in operation, except for the El Musel plant (Gijón), which is in hibernation in accordance with the provisions of Royal Decree-Law 13/2012. Once the administrative processing procedure has been re-established by Royal Decree 335/2018, Enagás is going forward in order to obtain the administrative authorisations for the start-up of the terminal, having obtained the administrative authorization resolution on June 28, 2022.
In Europe, Enagás is present in Italy with a 19% stake in the Ravenna small-scale LNG terminal. It is also a shareholder of DESFA, the Greek gas operator, with a LNG terminal in Revithoussa.
In Latin America, the company operates in Mexico through a 40% stake in the Altamira regasification plant.